Almost everyone has had the painful experience of accidentally biting their tongue. Even if you may not be able to avoid this, there are things you can do to help heal a bitten tongue.
Performing First Aid
Wash your hands. Before touching the inside of your mouth, take a minute to wash your tongue with warm water and soap. If not available, use hand sanitizer . The goal is to prevent bacteria on your hands from moving into open sores on your tongue and causing infection.
Resistant viruses can cause infection if they touch open wounds.
Apply pressure. Your tongue will likely bleed when bitten because there are lots of blood vessels there. Apply pressure to the area to slow the blood flow and allow it to clot. It is very important to take immediate action if an injury occurs.
If the tip of the tongue is injured, press it against the roof of the mouth and hold it at 5 second intervals. You can also press your tongue against the inside of your cheek.
If you can’t reach the wound, take a piece of ice and place it on the bitten area. You can hold the ice cube with the roof of your mouth and press it with your tongue if it doesn’t hurt too much. Move the ice cubes back and forth until it melts. You can also place a clean cloth or medical gauze on the injured area and apply pressure.
Check the wound. Open your mouth wide and use a mirror to see the inside of your tongue. If the bleeding has stopped and the wound is not too severe, you can treat it at home. If the bleeding continues and the wound is deep enough, call your dentist for stitches if necessary.
If the bleeding is very intense, it can be an emergency. In this case, you should contact emergency services.
Look for other injuries. Tongue biting is common when you have a sports injury or fall. Feel your entire mouth for decay or loose teeth, or bleeding gums caused by cracked teeth. Move your jaw up and down to see if you feel any additional pain. If you experience any of the following injuries, contact your doctor or dentist:
Apply a cold compress. Your tongue will swell after the injury. This makes it easy to get bitten again. Place something cold, such as ice wrapped in a clean cloth, to the injured area. Hold the compress for one minute until the tongue begins to feel numb, then lift. Repeat this. You may need to do this several times over the next few days.
If a child is injured, he may prefer to use frozen fruit to compress the injured area.
Take pain medication. Choose an anti-inflammatory drug you can tolerate, such as Advil, and take the recommended dose as soon as possible. This method can help reduce swelling. It will also reduce the pain that is bound to appear shortly after your injury.
Rinse with mouthwash. If you have mouthwash, use this product to clean your mouth. This will keep the injured area dry while preventing infection. This is especially important if you were eating before the incident occurred. Remove the mouthwash and repeat if there is blood coming out.
Cleaning and Treating Wounds by Rinsing
Rinse with salt water. Prepare 250 ml of warm water. Add 5 grams of salt and mix with a spoon. Gargle with the mixture in your mouth for 15 to 20 seconds, then spit it out. You can repeat this process three times a day until it heals. This is usually more effective after a meal.
Salt helps kill bad bacteria in the mouth. This will keep the wound area cleaner while reducing the risk of infection. Salt also has healing benefits that can help wounds heal faster.
Gargle with a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and water. Mix equal amounts of hydrogen peroxide (3%) and water in a glass. Gargle with this solution for 15 to 30 seconds then spit it out. Do not swallow. You can repeat this process up to four times each day.
Hydrogen peroxide is a powerful antiseptic that can help control bacterial activity in wounds. This substance also acts as a cleaning agent that can remove dust from the wound and deliver a constant amount of oxygen to the cells which can also help stop bleeding.
This product is also available in the form of a gel that can be applied directly to the wound with a clean cotton swab.
Hydrogen peroxide can help whiten teeth. However, these substances can cause teeth to be more sensitive.
Rinse with antacid/antihistamines. Mix equal amounts of diphenhydramine , such as Benadryl allergy liquid , with an antacid, such as milk or magnesia and stir until well combined. Gargle with this mixture for a minute, then spit it out. You can do this once or twice a day.
Antacids control the level of acid in the mouth which can speed healing. Antihistamines will reduce inflammation. Combining these two drugs will produce what people call a “magic mouthwash.”
If you don’t like gargling with this solution, you can also make the solution a little thicker and use it as an ointment.
Use traditional mouthwash. Benzydamine hydrochloride , 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate , or a regular mouthwash are all good options. Use the recommended dose and gargle for 15 to 30 seconds then spit it out. Repeat this process after eating. This will help keep your wound clean of food particles so it heals faster and doesn’t get infected.
Recover and Relieve Pain
Continue to use an ice pack or cold compress. Put some ice cubes in a plastic bag and stick them to the tongue until the pain subsides. You can also wrap the bag with a hand towel for added comfort. Sip on ice cream or drink cold liquids to relieve pain, but don’t eat anything sour.
This will stop the bleeding when the wound reopens, and reduce pain during the healing process.
Be patient – the healing process can take anywhere from a few days to a few weeks, depending on the severity. During this time, avoid crunchy, hot, spicy, or cold foods as they can irritate the tongue.
Apply aloe vera. You can buy aloe vera gel at the pharmacy. You can also cut an aloe vera leaf and squeeze the jelly inside. Apply this substance to your wound a maximum of 3 times a day. For best results, apply after gargling and before going to bed at night.
Aloe vera is a natural medicinal plant that is proven to be able to improve blood circulation. This plant is also able to fight several types of harmful bacteria. Be careful not to swallow the gel directly.
You can also apply the gel to a piece of sterile gauze and apply it to the wound. This method can provide a longer effect to prevent the saliva from dissolving the gel.
Apply mouth gel. Purchase an exfoliating gel and an antiseptic gel from the nearest pharmacy. Orajel, for example, is sold in small tubes for easy application. Just apply a small amount of the gel to a clean cotton swab and wipe it over the injured area. Repeat this 2 to 4 times a day until healed.
Try an oral adhesive ointment. This product works much like a mouth gel. Take a small amount of ointment, place it on a cotton swab, then rub it over the injured area. Repeat this method 4 times a day until healed. You can also apply the ointment directly with your finger.
Use baking soda. Mix one tablespoon of baking soda with water until smooth. Dip a cotton ball into the mixture and apply it to the bitten area. Baking soda can reduce the production of acids and bacteria. This product helps reduce pain from swelling and inflammation.
Consume honey. Fill a teaspoon with honey, lick it or drip it onto the injured area. Repeat this process twice a day. Honey will coat the mouth and prevent the accumulation of harmful bacteria. For better results, add a little turmeric to honey. Turmeric is antibacterial and can help fight bacteria and promote healing when combined with propolis.
Put milk of magnesia on your wound. Dip a cotton swab in a bottle of milk of magnesia. Apply the medicine to the injured area. You can do it three to four times a day. This product is more effective to use after gargling. Milk of magnesia is an active antacid. This product will make your mouth more ideal for the growth of good bacteria.
See a dentist. You need to visit the dentist at least twice a year for regular maintenance. If you need additional treatment for the bite, you will need to come more often. Some people are prone to oral injuries, such as people with sharp teeth or people with cavities which can cause fractures and have a sharp texture so that the dentist can help find a solution.
For example, if your teeth are not straight, you may bite your tongue a lot. Your dentist or orthodontist can offer alternative preventive solutions.
Check the shape of your dentures. Make sure the dentures fit snugly against the gums and don’t move too much. Dentures should not have sharp edges. Visit your dentist to make sure your dentures are in place if you bite your tongue frequently.
Avoid irritants from dental care equipment. If you use dental appliances, make sure they fit snugly in your mouth without actually shifting. Ask your dentist about the space you should anticipate. This will help you make corrections and prevent your tongue from biting again. Also, place a small wax ball to cover any sharp brackets that might puncture your tongue.
Wear protective equipment. If you engage in sports that pose a risk to the mouth, wear a mouth guard and/or helmet. This device will stabilize your jaw during impact and reduce the chance of biting your tongue or other injuries.
Watch your epilepsy. If you have epilepsy, give careful instructions to those around you. Placing objects in your mouth during a seizure can be fatal rather than helpful, and can result in injury from the bite. If you have a seizure, people around you should call for help and tilt your body until help arrives.